The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 12, 2843 - 2849

“Top-Out” Removal of Well-Fixed Dual-Taper Femoral Stems: Surgical Technique and Radiographic Risk Factors

Kwon, Young-Min et al.
Hip

Background

Contemporary “dual-taper” modular femoral neck-stem designs have been associated with taper corrosion–related adverse local tissue reaction (ALTR) requiring revision surgery and stem removal. Extended trochanteric osteotomy is recognized as the workhorse procedure for revision hip surgery. The aim of our study is to describe our “top-out” stem removal surgical technique and identify preoperative radiographic risk factors associated with periprosthetic fractures when using this technique.

Methods

This is a single-center, single-surgeon, retrospective case series. Operative and clinic records were reviewed for patients with dual-taper modular femoral neck-stem junction who underwent revision surgery for taper tribocorrosion–related ALTR.

Results

Eighty-three patients (36 men and 47 women; mean age, 61.8 ± 10.3; body mass index, 30.2 ± 8.6) were revised using the top-out technique. Significant improvements in postoperative Harris hip score (P = .004), EuroQol 5-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D; P < .001), and EQ-5D US-adjusted scores (P < .001) were observed at 19-months follow-up. Our study reports periprosthetic fracture incidence of 14% and reoperation rate of 7%. Periprosthetic fractures were positively correlated with radiographic parameters such as overhang distance (R = 0.376; P = .002) and overhang ratio (R = 0.312; P = .01) and negatively correlated with radiographic implant medial calcar prominence (R = −0.299; P = .01).

Conclusion

Removal of well-fixed femoral components can be challenging, and the burden of revision surgery for taper tribocorrosion–related ALTR of these femoral stems is likely to rise. A top-out technique with systematic preoperative planning with radiographs provides a viable, alternative surgical option to remove well-fixed femoral component while preserving the femoral bony envelope.


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