The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 8 , 2376 - 2380

Time Trends in Characteristics of Patients Undergoing Primary Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in California, 2007-2010

Oh, Cheongeun et al.
Hip Knee


As the number of total hip and knee arthroplasty cases increases, it is important to understand the burden of factors that impact patient outcomes of these procedures. This article examined the time trends in key demographics, clinical characteristics, comorbidity burden (Deyo-Charlson Comorbidity Index [CCI]), and presence of depression in patients undergoing primary total hip arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty using population-based, all-payer inpatient database, California Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project, from 2007 to 2010.


Chi-square tests and analysis of variance were used. Multivariate logistic regression analyses were also performed to compare the prevalence of depression in 2007 to later years.


In the primary total hip arthroplasty cohort, the prevalence of depression significantly increased by 20%, mean age decreased by 0.4 years, mean length of stay (LOS) decreased by 0.5 days, and having a CCI score of ≥3 increased by 30% (P value < .001 for all) over the study period. Similarly, in the primary total knee arthroplasty cohort, the prevalence of depression increased by 23%, the mean age decreased by 0.4 years, mean LOS decreased by 0.4 days, and the prevalence of CCI score of ≥3 increased by 35% (P value < .001 for all).


Despite the younger age of the joint arthroplasty population over time, we found increased prevalence of depression and comorbidity scores but shorter LOS. Further study is needed to determine the impact of the changing demographics of the total joint population and the best strategies to optimize their outcome with these procedures.

Download article