The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 12 , 3768 - 3772

Time to Dislocation Analysis of Lumbar Spine Fusion Following Total Hip Arthroplasty: Breaking Up a Happy Home

King, Connor A. et al.
Hip

Background

Although a history of lumbar spine fusion (LSF) is associated with increased dislocation risk following total hip arthroplasty (THA), the effect of LSF following THA is not well described. This study sought to describe the dislocation-free survival experience of patients with THA undergoing LSF, compare this to similar patients not undergoing LSF, and assess factors associated with dislocation risk following LSF.

Methods

Center for Medicare Service billing data from 2005 to 2014 was analyzed utilizing the PearlDiver platform. Patients without evidence of hip instability, defined as no dislocation event within at least 6 months following THA, were identified and stratified by having subsequent LSF. Kaplan-Meier curves were used to describe dislocation-free survival of these groups and assess factors associated with dislocation.

Results

Among 17,223 patients without history of hip instability following THA, there was no spike in dislocations following LSF with patients having a persistent and stable rate of dislocation of 0.7% per year. This experience was of similar shape but increased hazard when compared to that of 863,182 patients not undergoing LSF who had a dislocation rate of 0.4% per year (P < .001). Dislocations were not strongly associated with gender, age, comorbidities, or fusion length.

Conclusion

Patients without evidence of hip instability following THA subsequently undergoing LSF do not have a spike in dislocations in the perioperative period but do assume a persistently elevated risk of dislocation. Future research should identify factors responsible for this increased risk to determine whether they may be modifiable.


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