Tibiofemoral rotational alignment affects flexion angles in navigated posterior-stabilized total knee arthroplastyIshida, K., Shibanuma, N., Matsumoto, T. et al.
To investigate the tibiofemoral rotational profiles during navigated posterior-stabilized (PS) total knee arthroplasty (TKA) and investigate the effect on post-operative maximum flexion angles.
Twenty-five subjects, treated with navigated PS TKA, were enrolled, and the effect of posterior cruciate ligament (PCL) resection and component implantation on tibiofemoral rotational kinematics was statistically evaluated. Then, the effect of rotational alignment changes on the post-operative maximum angles was retrospectively examined in 96 subjects using the multiple regression analysis.
Tibial internal rotation was significantly increased in full extension (p < 0.01 and <0.001, respectively) and at 60° and 90° flexion (p < 0.05) after PCL resection, which further increased after implantation, compared with that before resection. The amount of tibial internal rotation from 90° flexion to maximum flexion was significantly decreased after PCL resection and implantation, compared with that before resection (p < 0.05). The internal changes in the rotational alignment were independent factors for the minimal improvement in the post-operative maximum flexion angles (R 2 = 0.078, p = 0.0067).
PCL resection changed the tibial rotational alignment and decreased the amount of tibial internal rotation. The implantation of PS components further increased the internal rotational alignment and could not compensate for the tibiofemoral rotation. Finally, the internal changes in rotational alignment affected the improvement of the maximum flexion angles, suggesting that rotational alignment is an important factor for improving post-operative maximum flexion angles.
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