The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 3080 - 3087

Tibial Tubercle-Trochlear Groove Distance Influences Patellar Tilt After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Nakamura, Shinichiro et al.
Knee

Background

Tibial tubercle-trochlear groove (TT-TG) distance is associated with a greater risk of recurrent patellar dislocation in young, active patients. However, the effect of TT-TG distance after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has not been investigated. The purpose is to analyze the effect of TT-TG distance and component rotation on patellar tilt and patellar shift after TKA.

Methods

After TKA, axial computed tomography scans and axial radiograph were taken in 115 consecutive knees. TT-TG distance was measured between the most anterior point of the tibial tuberosity and the deepest point of the femoral component relative to a line connecting the anterior condyles. Femoral and tibial component rotation was measured relative to the femoral and tibial rotational axis, respectively. Pearson correlation coefficients were calculated.

Results

TT-TG distance had a significant correlation with patellar tilt in extension ( R = 0.220, P = .018), patellar tilt in flexion ( R = 0.438, P < .001), and patellar shift ( R = 0.330, P < .001). Tibial component rotation had a significant correlation with patellar tilt in flexion ( R = −0.251, P = .007) and patellar shift ( R = −0.360, P < .001). Femoral component rotation had no significant correlations. Tibial component rotation had a significant correlation with TT-TG distance ( R = −0.573, P < .001), whereas femoral component rotation had no correlation ( P = .192).

Conclusion

TT-TG distance had a significant correlation with patellar tilt and patellar shift. Surgeons need to understand the factors affecting TT-TG distance and to pay attention to avoiding excessive TT-TG distance after TKA.

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