There is no difference in postoperative pain, function and complications in patients with chondrocalcinosis in the outcome of total knee arthroplasty for end-stage osteoarthritis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 28, 2970–2979 (2020).

There is no difference in postoperative pain, function and complications in patients with chondrocalcinosis in the outcome of total knee arthroplasty for end-stage osteoarthritis

Willems, J.H., Rassir, R., Sierevelt, I.N. et al.
Knee

Purpose

Chondrocalcinosis is the radiographic appearance of calcium crystals in cartilage and other soft tissue. It is suggested that preoperative chondrocalcinosis predicts a worse outcome after total knee arthroplasty and it is unclear if chondrocalcinosis leads to more postoperative complications. This study aimed to compare function, pain, postoperative complications, postoperative signs of acute arthritis and revision rates between patients with and without chondrocalcinosis undergoing total knee arthroplasty for osteoarthritis.

Methods

In this retrospective cohort study performed in 2017, 408 knees in 392 patients (16 bilateral total knee arthroplasties) were included. None of the patients received additional synovectomy. PROMs were evaluated after 1 year (n = 294) and 5 years (n = 308). The follow-up for clinical data was 5 years (n = 408). The range of final follow-up was 57–84 months. All preoperative radiographs were scored for chondrocalcinosis and Oxford Knee Score, Knee Society Score and Algofunctional Index were used to assess outcome. All clinical records were screened for postoperative complications (excessive wound discharge, infection, loosening, PAO, stiffness), arthritis after surgery and reoperation or revision for any reason.

Results

Sixty-three knees (15.4%) showed signs of chondrocalcinosis. Male gender, higher age and lower BMI were risk factors for chondrocalcinosis. No difference was found in Oxford Knee Score, Knee Society Score and Algofunctional Index, nor in postoperative complications, postoperative signs of acute arthritis and revision rate.

Conclusion

Patients with and without chondrocalcinosis have the same outcome after total knee arthroplasty related to pain, functionality, complications, arthritis and revision after surgery for end-stage osteoarthritis. Chondrocalcinosis is not a contraindication for total knee arthroplasty and additional synovectomy is unnecessary.

Level of evidence

III.


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