The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 7, 1470 - 1475

The Use of Extended Trochanteric Osteotomy in 2-Stage Reconstruction of the Hip for Infection

Shi, Xiaojun et al.
Hip

Background

The effect of extended trochanteric osteotomy (ETO) with immediate cerclage wire fixation on the scene of chronic periprosthetic joint infection on infection eradication and the osteotomy healing remains unclear.

Methods

One hundred seventeen patients who underwent two-stage revision total hip arthroplasty for chronic periprosthetic joint infection were enrolled in the study. The minimum follow-up was 2 years. Of these, 48 patients had underwent ETO and immediate cerclage wire fixation during the first-stage surgery, while 69 did not undergo ETO or any other osteotomy. In addition, 18 patients had underwent ETO in the second-stage reimplantation surgery. Repeated debridement, curative rate of infection, and complications were compared between the 2 groups. Meanwhile, osteotomy healing between the first and second osteotomy were also compared.

Results

The repeated debridement rate and curative rate of infection were 2.1% and 95.8% in the ETO group, compared with 13.0% and 82.6% in the non-ETO group; there were significant difference between the 2 groups in these parameters ( P = .037 and .030, respectively). Meanwhile, osteotomy healing rate was 93.8% in first-stage surgery with infection scene and 100% in second-stage surgery without infection; no significant difference was detected in osteotomy healing rate and time to healing ( P = .278 and .803, respectively). The rate of complication was similar in both groups.

Conclusions

ETO combined with immediate cerclage wire fixation does not appear to reduce the rate of infection eradication. There was no harmful effect on complication rate and osteotomy healing.

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