The use of dual-mobility bearings in patients at high risk of dislocationC. W. Jones, I. De Martino, R. D’Apolito, A. A. Nocon, P. K. Sculco, T. P. Sculco
Instability continues to be a troublesome complication after total hip arthroplasty (THA). Patient-related risk factors associated with a higher dislocation risk include the preoperative diagnosis, an age of 75 years or older, high body mass index (BMI), a history of alcohol abuse, and neurodegenerative diseases. The goal of this study was to assess the dislocation rate, radiographic outcomes, and complications of patients stratified as high-risk for dislocation who received a dual mobility (DM) bearing in a primary THA at a minimum follow-up of two years.
Materials and Methods
We performed a retrospective review of a consecutive series of DM THA performed between 2010 and 2014 at our institution (Hospital for Special Surgery, New York, New York) by a single, high-volume orthopaedic surgeon employing a single prosthesis design (Anatomic Dual Mobility (ADM) Stryker, Mahwah, New Jersey). Patient medical records and radiographs were reviewed to confirm the type of implant used, to identify any preoperative risk factors for dislocation, and any complications. Radiographic analysis was performed to assess for signs of osteolysis or remodelling of the acetabulum.
There were 151 patients who met the classification of high-risk according to the inclusion criteria and received DM THA during the study period. Mean age was 82 years old (73 to 95) and 114 patients (77.5%) were female. Mean follow-up was 3.6 years (1.9 to 6.1), with five patients lost to follow-up and one patient who died (for a reason unrelated to the index procedure). One patient (0.66%) sustained an intraprosthetic dislocation; there were no other dislocations.
At mid-term follow-up, the use of a DM bearing for primary THA in patients at high risk of dislocation provided a stable reconstruction option with excellent radiographic results. Longer follow-up is needed to confirm the durability of these reconstructions.