Bone Joint J 2019;101-B:787–792.

The use of a bioactive bone cement containing apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic filler and bisphenol-a-glycidyl methacrylate resin for acetabular fixation in total hip arthroplasty

K. Goto, Y. Kuroda, T. Kawai, K. Kawanabe, S. Matsuda
Hip

Aims

In the 1990s, a bioactive bone cement (BABC) containing apatite-wollastonite glass-ceramic (AW-GC) powder and bisphenol-a-glycidyl methacrylate resin was developed at our hospital. In 1996, we used BABC to fix the acetabular component in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) in 20 patients as part of a clinical trial. The purpose of this study was to investigate the long-term results of primary THA using BABC.

Patients and Methods

A total of 20 patients (three men and 17 women) with a mean age of 57.4 years (40 to 71), a mean body weight of 52.3 kg (39 to 64), and a mean body mass index (BMI) of 23.0 kg/m2 (19.8 to 28.6) were evaluated clinically and radiologically. Survival analyses were undertaken, and wear analyses were carried out using a computer-aided method.

Results

The mean follow-up was 17.6 years (1.5 to 21.1). Radiological loosening occurred in four sockets with aseptic loosening at a mean of 7.8 years (1.5 to 20.7). Kaplan–Meier survival analyses using revision of the acetabular component, radiological loosening of the acetabular component, and the worst-case scenario with revision of the acetabular component to include the two patients lost to follow-up as endpoints yielded survival rates of 94.7%, 84.4%, and 85.0% at ten years, and 70.0%, 84.4%, and 62.8% at 20 years, respectively. Wear analysis revealed a mean linear wear rate of 0.068 mm per year.

Conclusion

The long-term results of primary THAs using BABC were unsatisfactory. Its brittle nature and poor handling properties need to be improved before it becomes an alternative method of fixing the acetabular component in cemented THA.


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