The serum albumin threshold for increased perioperative complications after total hip arthroplasty is 3.0 g/dLNelson, C. L., Kamath, A. F., Elkassabany, N. M., Guo, Z., & Liu, J. (2019).
Low serum albumin is associated with higher perioperative complications following total hip arthroplasty (THA). The distinct threshold for a significant rise in perioperative complications has not been defined for THA. The purpose of this study was to define the threshold at which perioperative complications rise after THA.
We analysed the American College of Surgeons NSQIP database from 2006 to 2013. Our study cohort included unilateral primary THA with reported preoperative albumin levels. Patients were stratified by albumin level. We analysed mortality and 6 composite complication variables (any complication, any complication without transfusion, wound infection, systemic infection, cardiac/pulmonary complications, and any major complication). All data analysis was executed in STATA statistical software. Multivariable logistic regression analysis was used to adjust for odds ratios.
The final cohort included 24,586 patients who were stratified based upon serum albumin levels. Odds ratios after multivariable regression adjustment for age, gender, race, body mass index, ASA classification, and Charlson Comorbidity Index indicated a trend to elevated odds of complication for all composite complications (3 of which were statistically significant) when serum albumin level was <3.0 g/dL.
Low serum albumin is associated with increased perioperative complications following THA. The threshold associated with an increase in major perioperative complications appears to be an albumin level of <3.0 g/dL. With attempts to correct modifiable risk factors prior to surgery, the threshold value at which perioperative complications increase is important to define.