The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 3, 761 - 766

The Role of Patient Characteristics on the Choice of Unicompartmental versus Total Knee Arthroplasty in Patients With Medial Osteoarthritis

van der List, Jelle P. et al.
Knee

Background

Medial unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) are both viable treatment options for medial osteoarthritis (OA). However, it remains unclear when to choose for which arthroplasty treatment. Goals of this study were therefore to (1) compare outcomes after both treatments and (2) assess which treatment has superior outcomes in different patient subgroups.

Methods

In this retrospective cohort study, 166 patients received the RESTORIS MCK Medial UKA and 63 patients the Vanguard TKA and were radiographically matched on isolated medial OA. Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index scores were collected preoperatively and postoperatively (mean: 3.0 years, range: 2.0-5.0 years).

Results

Preoperatively, no differences were observed, but medial UKA patients reported better functional outcomes than TKA (89.7 ± 13.6 vs 81.2 ± 18.0, P = .001) at follow-up.Better functional outcomes were noted after medial UKA in patients younger than age 70 years (89.5 ± 14.2 vs 78.6 ± 20.0, P = .001), with body mass index below 30 (90.3 ± 11.4 vs 83.6 ± 14.9, P = .005), with body mass index above 30 (88.3 ± 17.5 vs 78.8 ± 21.0, P = .034) and in females (90.6 ± 11.0 vs 78.1 ± 19.4, P = .001) when compared with TKA. No differences were found in males and older patients between both arthroplasties.

Conclusion

Superior functional outcomes were noted after medial UKA over TKA in patients presenting with medial OA with these prostheses. Subgroup analyses suggest that medial UKA is the preferred treatment in younger patients and females while no differences were noted in older patients and males after medial UKA and TKA. This might help the orthopedic surgeon in individualizing arthroplasty treatment for patients with medial OA.


Download article