The relationship of the orientation of the transverse acetabular ligament and acetabular labrum to the suggested safe zones of cup positioning in total hip arthroplastyArchbold HAP, Slomczykowski M, Crone M, Eckman K, Jaramaz B, Beverland DE.
There is a need to develop and validate a method for establishing cup orientation that is patient specific and independent of the anterior pelvic plane. It is our hypothesis that the transverse acetabular ligament and acetabular labrum can be used to do this. The objective of this study is to define the orientation of the plane formed by the transverse acetabular ligament and acetabular labrum and to examine whether these local landmarks lie within the limits of acceptance for cup positioning.
Twenty-five consecutive patients, who were being investigated for labral tears with a MRI arthrogram of the hip, were enrolled in this prospective study. The orientation of the transverse acetabular ligament-labrum plane was determined by manually selecting points on the transverse acetabular ligament and labrum. The best-fit plane through these points was determined and its operative orientation expressed with respect to a constructed pelvic coordinate system.
The operative anteversion of the transverse acetabular ligament-labrum plane ranged from 5.3-36.1° (mean 23.0° ± 7.4° standard deviation). The inclination ranged from 38.4-50.3° (mean 45.6° ± 3.2° standard deviation).
The transverse acetabular ligament and acetabular labrum offer a possible solution to the many difficulties involved in cup placement during total hip arhroplasty This paper highlights the variation in the orientation of these local acetabular landmarks and questions the logic of a set target for cup positioning.