The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1749 - 1754

The Outcome of Revision Surgery for Failed Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty

Borton, Zakk M. et al.
Hip

Background

Metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasties (MoM THAs) are frequently revised, though there is a paucity of functional outcome data. We report on outcomes and prognostic factors predictive of outcome from the largest series of MoM THA revisions to date.

Methods

A single-center consecutive series of revisions from MoM THAs was identified. The cohort was divided by the presence or absence of symptoms prior to revision. The primary outcome was functional outcome (Oxford Hip Score [OHS]). Secondary outcomes were complication data, pre-revision and post-revision blood metal ions, and modified Oxford classification of pre-revision magnetic resonance imaging.

Results

One hundred eighty revisions at median follow-up of 5.48 years were identified. Median OHS improved from 29 to 37 with revision ( P < .001). Symptomatic patients experienced the greatest functional benefit (ΔOHS 6.5 vs 1.4, P = .012), while the function of asymptomatic patients was unaffected by revision ( P = .4). Use of a cobalt-chromium-containing bearing surface at revision and increased body mass index were predictive of poor functional outcome.

Conclusion

Symptomatic patients experience greater functional benefit from revision surgery but do not regain the same level of function as patients who were asymptomatic prior to revision. Body mass index and use of cobalt-chromium-containing bearing surfaces are prognostic for poor functional outcome.

Download article