The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 3, 818 - 823

The Influence of Obesity on Hip Pain, Function, and Satisfaction 10 Years Following Total Hip Arthroplasty

Haebich, Samantha J. et al.
Hip

Background

The prevalence of obesity is rising, and increasing numbers of joint arthroplasty surgeries are being performed on obese patients. Concern exists that obesity increases surgical risk; however, its impact on function following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is inconsistently affirmed and less understood. A paucity exists in the literature pertaining long-term objective functional measures. Therefore, we investigated the impact of obesity on hip pain, function, and satisfaction 10 years following THA.

Methods

This single-center, prospective, observational study categorized consecutive THA patients according to their body mass index to nonobese (<30 kg/m2) and obese (≥30 kg/m2) groups. Preoperative assessment included a numerical pain rating and the Oxford Hip Score. These were repeated along with a 6-minute walk test and a Likert satisfaction scale at 3 months, 1, 5, and 10 years postoperatively.

Results

The series included 191 primary THA patients. No significant differences were found in hip pain or function between the obese and nonobese groups. Obese patients however had poorer walking capacity (P = .008), were more likely to use walking aids (P = .04), and were less satisfied (P = .04) at 10 years.

Conclusion

THA confers significant long-term symptom resolution irrespective of obesity; however, despite undergoing surgery, obese patients can be counseled they may not be as satisfied as or achieve the same walking capacity as nonobese individuals.

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