The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 9 , 2868 - 2874

The Effectiveness of Medial Femoral Epicondyle Up-Sliding Osteotomy to Correct Severe Valgus Deformity in Primary Total Knee Arthroplasty

Mou, Ping et al.
Knee

Background

While many surgical techniques can achieve neutral limb alignment and soft tissue balance in severe valgus deformity during total knee arthroplasty (TKA), few published reports concern medial femoral epicondyle up-sliding osteotomy.

Methods

A prospective investigation was conducted of patients with severe valgus deformities who underwent medial femoral epicondyle up-sliding osteotomy. Clinical measurements, radiological evaluation, and complication data were recorded.

Results

Using posterior-stabilized prostheses, 26 patients underwent 28 TKAs performed by the same surgeon using medial femoral epicondyle up-sliding osteotomy to balance the soft tissue. On average, the follow-up was 54 ± 18 months, and the patient age was 63 ± 11 years. All knees were type II according to Krackow’s classification. Varus-valgus knee motion was prohibited with the protection of long-leg knee brace for 3 months. At the last follow-up, the Knee Society function score, Hospital for Special Surgery knee-rating scale, and range of motion were 94 ± 6, 91 ± 4, and 116° ± 8°, respectively. All knees were stable laterally, whereas 2 knees had mild medial laxity and the others were stable. The hip-knee-ankle angle, femorotibial angle, condylar-hip angle, plateau-ankle angle, and valgus angle were 179.9° ± 3.4°, 172.9° ± 3.6°, 89.8° ± 2.5°, 90.2° ± 1.1°, and 7.3° ± 3.5°, respectively.

Conclusion

Medial femoral epicondyle up-sliding osteotomy during TKA in patients with severe valgus deformities facilitates the restoration of lower limb alignment, soft tissue balance, and knee stability.


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