The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 5, 1553 - 1559

The Direct Anterior Approach for Complex Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty: The Extensile Acetabular Approach on a Regular Operating Room Table

Molenaers, Ben et al.
Hip

Background

The direct anterior approach on a regular operating room table has been reported with low dislocation rates. This might be beneficial for complex primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) such as in patients with cerebral palsy or following femoral or pelvic osteotomies. Extending the approach is often required to overcome problems such as acetabular deformities or severe contractures.

Methods

We retrospectively evaluated the results and complications of 29 patients with 37 complex primary THA in which an extensile approach was used. The extensile approach is described. Functional scores were collected in case the patient was ambulatory independently (n = 17).

Results

The average age was 35 years (range 15-85) with a mean follow-up of 39 months (range 12-60). There were 3 (8%) intra-operative and 4 (11%) early post-operative complications (<3 months), of which 3 (8%) were anterior dislocations. Late complications (>3 months) consisted of a fibrous ingrown stem, a socket loosening following a pelvic fracture, and a late hematogenous infection (8%). Seventy-one percent of the complications occurred in the first 18 cases (49%) indicating a learning curve. The mean post-operative Harris Hip Score was 79 (range 56-97).

Conclusion

Complex THA can be safely conducted through the extensile anterior approach on a regular operating room table with the use of conventional implants, even in cases with a high risk of dislocation.


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