The Biological Approach in Acetabular Revision Surgery: Impaction Bone Grafting and a Cemented CupColo E, Rijnen WHC, Schreurs BW.
Acetabular impaction bone grafting (IBG) in combination with a cemented cup in revision total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a proven and well-recognised technique which has been used in clinical practice for more than 35 years. Nowadays, with cemented prostheses tending to lose a larger part of the THA market every year in primary and revision cases, and many young surgeons being only trained in implanting uncemented prostheses, this technique is considered by many as technically demanding and time consuming, making its use less appealing. Despite this image and many new innovative techniques using uncemented implants in acetabular revisions over the last 25 years, IBG with a cemented cup is still one of the few techniques that really can reconstitute bone and respects human biology. In this era of many biologically-based breakthroughs in medicine, it is hard to explain that the solution of most orthopaedic surgeons for the extensive bone defects as frequently seen during acetabular revision surgery, consists of implanting bigger and larger metal implants. This review aims to put the IBG method into a historical perspective, to describe the surgical technique and present the clinical results.