THA conversion rate comparing decompression alone, with autologous bone graft or stem cells in osteonecrosisNally, F. J., Zanotti, G., Buttaro, M. A., Dilernia, F. D., Mansilla, I. G., Comba, F. M., & Piccaluga, F. (2018).
Core decompression (CD) with or without the addition of autologous bone graft (CDBG) is currently the most widely accepted treatment for hip osteonecrosis in stages of pre-collapse. The use of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (CDSC) is emerging as a promising biological alternative. We sought to determine the total hip arthroplasty (THA) conversion rate for patients treated with CD, CDBG or CDSC.
Material and methods:
Between 1996 and 2012, 97 cases were evaluated in 72 patients: 47 CD cases, 34 CDGB cases and 16 CDSC cases. The mean age was 39 (20-63) years, 25 bilateral, 19 female and 53 male, 14 Ficat 1 and 83 Ficat 2. Bilateral cases with asymmetric stage and equal treatment were excluded.
Conversion rate to THA was 44% for the CD group (21/47) at an average of 77 (24-324) months; 50% for the CDBG group (17/34) at an average of 34 (24-240) months and 50% for the CDSC group (8/16) at an average of 48 (24-72) months (p = 0.619). Log Rank test for survivorship analysis was not significant (p = 0.2011). Immunodeficiency or corticosteroid treatment history was associated with 16/47 of the CD group, 7/34 in the CDBG group and 1/16 in the CDSC group. Trauma was associated with 2/47 of the CD group, 5/34 of the CDBG group and none of the CDSC group. Hazard ratio considering risk factors was not significant (p = 0.252).
In these series of cases including patients with pre-collapse osteonecrosis, we observed non-significant results regarding rate of conversion to THA with CD, CDBG or CDSC at an average of 5.5 years.