The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 9, 2016 - 2021

Ten- to Sixteen-Year Follow-Up of Highly Cross-Linked Polyethylene in Total Hip Arthroplasty: What Factors Affect Wear?

Cheung, Amy et al.
Hip

Background

Increase in acetabular cup abduction in total hip arthroplasty (THA) using conventional polyethylene is associated with greater linear wear. Whether this relationship holds true for highly crosslinked liners, particularly with long-term follow-up, is still controversial. The effect of liner thickness on wear of highly cross-linked liners also remains to be clarified.This study sought to determine (1) the long-term clinical and radiological performance of highly cross-linked polyethylene in THA and (2) the effect of acetabular component positioning, polyethylene thickness, and patient demographics on wear.

Methods

Ninety-three THAs using a 28-mm hip ball, single brand of highly cross-linked polyethylene liner, and cementless cup were performed in 87 patients. Clinical outcomes were evaluated using the Harris Hip Score and need for revision surgery. Linear and volumetric wear, presence of osteolysis, and cup abduction angle were assessed.

Results

The mean age at operation was 51.4 years. The mean duration of follow-up was 12.7 years (10-16 years). Patients aged >50 years had higher rates of linear wear than those aged <50 years ( P = .015). Positive correlation was found between cup abduction angle ( P = .014) and cup version ( P = .035) with a linear wear rate. Thinner liners (≤7 mm) had similar rates of linear and volumetric wear as thicker liners (≥8 mm) ( P = .447).

Conclusion

This is the only study to demonstrate a positive significant relationship between cup abduction angle and version with linear wear rate in THA with at least 10 years of follow-up. Liner thickness was not found to affect wear rates.

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