The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 35, Issue 3, 893 - 899.e3

Systematic Review of Modular Bicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty for Medio-Patellofemoral Osteoarthritis

Amit, Priyadarshi et al.
Knee

Background

We aimed to locate, appraise, and synthesize the available literature to assess the functional outcome of modular bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BKA) compared to total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for medio-patellofemoral osteoarthritis.

Methods

After an extensive literature search based on electronic databases such as MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, and PubMed, and grey literature, 9 articles satisfied our selection criteria which included 1 randomized controlled trial, 1 prospective cohort, 3 retrospective cohort, and 4 case series. Narrative synthesis was performed due to clinical, methodological, and statistical heterogeneity among the included studies.

Results

There were 331 participants (341 knees) in this systematic review. BKA group included 229 patients (239 knees) and TKA group included 102 patients (102 knees). The quality of included studies ranged from moderate to very low as per GRADE (grading of recommendations, assessment, development, and evaluation working group) score with low to high risk of bias. Most of the studies showed comparable functional outcome in BKA compared to TKA such as Knee Society Score, Knee Osteoarthritis and Outcome Score, Short Form-36 score, and revision surgery in short-term to midterm follow-up. BKA patients achieved better range of movement and forgotten knee status than TKA patients. It resulted in longer operative time, but less intraoperative blood loss. Long-term series showed 95.1% survivorship of BKA at 5 years and 58% at 17 years.

Conclusion

Current evidence suggests that modular BKA provides comparable functional outcome to TKA at short-term to midterm follow-up, however, with poor long-term survivorship.

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