The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 1, 183 - 188

Survivorship of Extensor Mechanism Allograft Reconstruction After Total Knee Arthroplasty

Ricciardi, Benjamin F. et al.
Knee

Background

Extensor mechanism disruption remains a devastating complication after total knee arthroplasty. The purpose of this study is to describe the outcomes of extensor mechanism allograft (EMA) reconstruction in a large single-center case series.

Methods

Consecutive patients with a previous total knee arthroplasty undergoing extensor mechanism reconstruction using a fresh-frozen EMA tensioned in full extension were identified retrospectively from single-center institutional database (N = 25 patients, 26 knees; mean follow-up 68 months [range 22-113 months]). The primary outcome was initial allograft failure, defined as removal of the allograft or extensor lag >30 degrees at most recent follow-up.

Results

Sixty-nine percent (18/26) of knees had retained their initial allograft reconstruction at their latest follow-up despite reoperation rates of 58% (15/26). A younger age was significantly associated with failure of the initial allograft reconstruction. Knee Society Scores increased from 101 (38 standard deviation [SD]) to 116 (40 SD) at most recent follow-up for the group as a whole (P = .4). Patients undergoing a reoperation for any cause had lower Knee Society Scores (101 [SD 38] vs 138 [SD 32], respectively; P = .04) at most recent follow-up.

Conclusion

EMA reconstruction shows adequate overall intermediate-term survival; however, reoperation rates were high and associated with worse functional outcomes.


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