The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 23, Issue: 6, Page: 981-986

Survivorship and clinical outcome of the minimally invasive Uniglide medial fixed bearing, all-polyethylene tibia, unicompartmental knee arthroplasty at a mean follow-up of 7.3 years

C. Forster-Horváth; N. Artz; M. A. Hassaballa; J. R. Robinson; A. J. Porteous; J. R. Murray; J. H. Newman
Knee

Background

Medial UKA performed in England and Wales represents seven to 11% of all knee arthroplasty procedures, and is most commonly performed using mobile-bearing designs.

 

Fixed bearing eliminates the risk of bearing dislocation, however some studies have shown higher revision rates for all-polyethylene tibial components compared to those that utilize metal-backed implants. The aim of the study is to analyse survivorship and maximum eight-year clinical outcome of medial fixed bearing, Uniglide unicompartmental knee arthroplasty performed using an all-polyethylene tibial component with a minimal invasive approach.

Methods

Between 2002 and 2009, 270 medial fixed UKAs were performed in our unit. Patients were reviewed pre-operatively, five and eight years post-operatively. Clinical and radiographic reviews were carried out. Patients’ outcome scores (Oxford, WOMAC and American Knee Score) were documented in our database and analysed.

Results

Survival and clinical outcome data of 236 knees with a mean of 7.3 years follow-up are reported. Every patient with less than 4.93 years of follow-up underwent a revision. The patients’ average age at the time of surgery was 69.5 years. The American Knee Society Pain and Function scores, the Oxford Knee Score and the WOMAC score all improved significantly. The five-year survival rate was 94.1% with implant revision surgery as an end point. The estimated 10 years of survival rate is 91.3%. Fourteen patients were revised before the five-year follow-up.

Conclusion

Fixed bearing Uniglide UKA with an all-polyethylene tibial component is a valuable tool in the management of a medial compartment osteoarthritis, affording good short-term survivorship.

 

Level of evidence IV


Download article