The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 9, 2011 - 2015
Subsidence of Hydroxyapatite-Coated Femoral Stem in Dorr Type C Proximal Femoral MorphologyRattanaprichavej, Piti et al.
Good bone quality and proper proximal femoral morphology are thought to be necessary for tapered design, cementless femoral stems to resist subsidence. Using tapered, cementless stem for patients with stovepipe morphology or Dorr type C is controversial. The purpose of this study is to analyze (1) subsidence of the fully hydroxyapatite (HA)-coated, tapered, cementless stem in different morphology according to Dorr classification, (2) subsidence of the stem related to radiographic canal-fill ratio.
The digitized radiographs of 311 consecutive cementless primary total hip arthroplasty with fully HA-coated, tapered stem were retrospectively reviewed. Subsidence and the canal-fill ratio at 4 locations were evaluated postoperatively after a minimum of 2 years of follow-up. The threshold of subsidence >3 mm was considered as a clinically significant migration.
A multivariate regression analysis of subsidence across Dorr type, controlling for age, gender, and intraoperative calcar fracture, demonstrated 0.40 mm ( P = .28) and 0.18 mm ( P = .51) greater subsidence in Dorr type C and B when compared to Dorr type A. Age, gender, and calcar fracture had no influence on subsidence, whereas greater canal-fill ratio at 2 cm below lesser trochanter resulted in significantly less subsidence ( P = .02). Additionally, all variables did not affect the risk of having subsidence >3 mm.
The proximal femoral morphology has no statistically significant effect on the subsidence of fully HA-coated stem. Therefore, this stem type might be a viable option for Dorr type C. Increasing the canal-fill ratio at metadiaphyseal junction may ensure the stability of the stem.