Skin Staples versus Intradermal Wound Closure following Primary Hip Arthroplasty: A Prospective, Randomised Trial Including 231 CasesButtaro MA, Quinteros M, Martorell G, Zanotti G, Comba F, Piccaluga F.
Intradermal wound closure is controversial in primary total hip arthroplasty. Randomised, controlled trials in wound closure following a total hip arthroplasty (THA) are scarce.
Our hypothesis was that skin staples closure would be related to a similar complication rate and operative time as intradermal closure with polypropylene.
From September 2011 to May 2012, 231 THAs in 219 patients with an average age of 62 years old (range: 21-91) were performed. No differences were observed in both groups according to sex, age, BMI and comorbidities (p = 0,82). Cases were divided into 3 groups according to medical factors that influence wound healing: group 1 (no medical history, 70.5%), group 2 (diabetes, tobacco smokers, obesity, corticosteroids, rheumatoid disease, 25%) and group 3 (organ transplantation, neoplastic patients or 2 or factors of group 2, 4.5%). Once randomised using a computer-generated method, all patients remained within the group to which they were allocated to wound closure with skin staples (Leukosan® SkinStapler PTW-35, BSN, Germany) that were used in 112 THAs in 105 patients (48%), or continuous 3.0 intradermal non-absorbable polypropylene suture (Prolene™ 0, Ethicon Inc. Somerville, New Jersey, USA) in 119 THA’s in 115 patients (52%).
A 3.8% wound complication rate was observed in this series, with a 2.1% complication rate for the group that was closed with skin staples and a 1.7% rate for the group with intradermal suture (p = 0.7). All the complications were treated conservatively except for one acute deep infection (0.4%) that was successfully treated with debridement, component retention and intravenous antibiotics. There were no differences in both groups related to operative time or wound length.
In these series of primary elective THAs, skin staples were associated with a similar complication rate to an intradermal closure technique.