The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 36, Issue 3, 1043 - 1048
Short vs Standard-Length Femoral Stems Cemented According to the “French Paradox”: A Matched Paired Prospective Study Using Ein Bild Roentgen Analyze Femoral Component at Two-Year Follow-UpLaboudie, Pierre et al.
The purpose of this prospective matched paired study is to compare the in vivo migration patterns using Ein Bild Roentgen Analyze femoral component of shortened vs standard-length stems cemented line-to-line in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) at 2-year follow-up.
We prospectively included the first 50 consecutive primary cemented THAs in 50 patients using a 12% shortened stem (AmisK group) of which design was derived from the original Charnley-Kerboull (CK) femoral components. These 50 patients were matched paired to 50 patients from a historical series of patients who underwent primary THAs using standard-length CK stems (CK group) with available long-term results, including Ein Bild Roentgen Analyze femoral component data at 2-year follow-up.
Body mass index was significantly higher ( P = .007) in the AmisK vs the CK group. At the 2-year follow-up, the mean subsidence was 0.65 mm (0-1.40) in the AmisK group vs 0.68 mm (0.07-1.43) in the CK group ( P = .73). When using a 1.5-mm threshold, none of the stems in either group was considered to have subsided. Femoral cortical thickening in zones 3 and 5 occurred in 6 of the 50 hips (12%) in the AmisK group vs 20 (40%) of the 50 hips in the CK group ( P = .003).
Our study showed that a shortened highly polished double-tapered stem cemented line-to-line provided similar results including minimal subsidence as its standard-length counterpart, with significantly less distal femoral cortical thickening. However, longer term survival analysis still needs to be determined.