The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 36, Issue 3, 1043 - 1048

Short vs Standard-Length Femoral Stems Cemented According to the “French Paradox”: A Matched Paired Prospective Study Using Ein Bild Roentgen Analyze Femoral Component at Two-Year Follow-Up

Laboudie, Pierre et al.
Hip

Background

The purpose of this prospective matched paired study is to compare the in vivo migration patterns using Ein Bild Roentgen Analyze femoral component of shortened vs standard-length stems cemented line-to-line in primary total hip arthroplasty (THA) at 2-year follow-up.

Methods

We prospectively included the first 50 consecutive primary cemented THAs in 50 patients using a 12% shortened stem (AmisK group) of which design was derived from the original Charnley-Kerboull (CK) femoral components. These 50 patients were matched paired to 50 patients from a historical series of patients who underwent primary THAs using standard-length CK stems (CK group) with available long-term results, including Ein Bild Roentgen Analyze femoral component data at 2-year follow-up.

Results

Body mass index was significantly higher ( P = .007) in the AmisK vs the CK group. At the 2-year follow-up, the mean subsidence was 0.65 mm (0-1.40) in the AmisK group vs 0.68 mm (0.07-1.43) in the CK group ( P = .73). When using a 1.5-mm threshold, none of the stems in either group was considered to have subsided. Femoral cortical thickening in zones 3 and 5 occurred in 6 of the 50 hips (12%) in the AmisK group vs 20 (40%) of the 50 hips in the CK group ( P = .003).

Conclusion

Our study showed that a shortened highly polished double-tapered stem cemented line-to-line provided similar results including minimal subsidence as its standard-length counterpart, with significantly less distal femoral cortical thickening. However, longer term survival analysis still needs to be determined.

Download article