The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 3023 - 3029.e2

Severe Obesity Increases Risk of Infection After Revision Total Hip Arthroplasty

Bongers, Joris et al.
Hip

Background

The increasing prevalence of obesity has resulted in an increased number of revision total hip arthroplasties (rTHAs) performed in patients with a high body mass index (BMI). The aim of this study is to evaluate whether obesity negatively affects (1) complication rate, (2) reoperation and revision rate, and (3) patient-reported outcome in rTHA.

Methods

In this registry-based study, we prospectively followed 444 rTHAs (cup: n = 265, stem: n = 57, both: n = 122) performed in a specialized high-volume orthopedic center between 2013 and 2015. The number of complications, and reoperation and revision surgery was registered until 5 years postoperatively. Oxford Hip Score (OHS) was evaluated preoperatively, and at 1 and 2 years postoperatively. Patients were categorized based on BMI to nonobese (<30 kg/m 2, n = 328), obese (30-35 kg/m 2, n = 82), and severe obese (≥35 kg/m 2, n = 34).

Results

Severe obese patients, but not obese patients, had higher risks of complications and re-revision than nonobese patients. In particular, the risk of infection following rTHA was higher in severe obese patients (24%) compared to nonobese patients (3%; relative risk, 7.7). Severe obese patients had overall poorer OHS than nonobese patients, but improvement in OHS did not differ between severe obese and nonobese patients. No differences between obese and nonobese groups on OHS were observed.

Conclusion

In our study, severe obesity was associated with an increased risk of infection following rTHA. Patients with high BMI should be counseled appropriately before surgery.

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