The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 21, Issue: 2, Page: 387-90

Satisfactory results at 8years mean follow-up after ADVANCE® medial-pivot total knee arthroplasty

Chinzei, Nobuaki; Ishida, Kazunari; Tsumura, Nobuhiro; Matsumoto, Tomoyuki; Kitagawa, Atsushi; Iguchi, Tetsuhiro; Nishida, Kotaro; Akisue, Toshihiro; Kuroda, Ryosuke; Kurosaka, Masahiro
Knee

Background

Although good overall results have been reported with TKA, certain problems and limitations remain, primarily due to postoperative differences in joint kinematics, when compared with the normal knee. ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot TKA involves replicating the medial pivoting behavior observed in normal knees. Here, we aimed to investigate the clinical and radiological results and complications of TKA using this implant, at mid-term follow-up.

Methods

From January 2001 to March 2012, we retrospectively selected 76 patients (85 knees; mean age at operation, 70.2 ± 8.1 years; range, 51–88 years) with a mean follow-up period of 93.1 ± 14.3 months (range, 72–132 months). Indications for TKA included primary degenerative osteoarthritis (60 knees), rheumatoid arthritis (22 knees), osteonecrosis (two knees), and osteoarthritis following high tibial osteotomy (one knee). The clinical and radiographic results were evaluated.

Results

Kaplan–Meier survivorship analysis indicated a success rate of 98.3% (95% confidence interval, 96.6–99.9%). Comparison of pre- and postoperative knee extension angles and ranges of motion showed significant improvement postoperatively, in both the Knee Society Scores (KSS) and Knee Society Functional Scores (KSFS) (p < 0.05). In one case, radiographic assessment indicated implant loosening due to infection; however, despite this complication, significant improvement of postoperative varus or valgus deformity angles were noted in all cases (p < 0.05).

Conclusion

Patients undergoing ADVANCE® Medial-Pivot TKA achieved excellent clinical and radiographic results without any implant-related failures at mid-term follow-up.
Level of evidence: Level IV

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