International Orthopaedics September 2012, Volume 36, Issue 9, pp 1835–1839

Sagittal placement of the femoral component in total knee arthroplasty predicts knee flexion contracture at one-year follow-up

Lustig, S., Scholes, C.J., Stegeman, T.J. et al.
Knee

Purpose

Flexion contracture has been shown to impair function and reduce satisfaction following total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The aim of this study was to identify modifiable intra-operative variables that predict post-TKA knee extension.

Methods

Data was collected prospectively on 95 patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty, including pre-operative assessment, intra-operative computer assisted surgery (CAS) measurements and functional outcome including range of motion at one year. Patients were divided into two groups: those with mild flexion contracture (> 5°) at the one-year follow-up and those achieving full extension.

Results

The sagittal orientation of the distal femoral cut differed significantly between groups at the one-year follow-up (p = 0.014). Sagittal alignment of greater than 3.5° from the mechanical axis was shown to increase the relative risk of a mild flexion contracture at one-year follow-up by 2.9 times, independent of other variables.

Conclusion

Increasing the sagittal alignment of the distal femoral cut more than 3.5° from the mechanical axis is an independent risk factor for clinically detectable flexion contracture one year from index procedure.


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