The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 27, Issue 6, 1094 - 1099

Sagittal Flexion of the Femoral Component Affects Flexion Gap and Sizing in Total Knee Arthroplasty

Tsukeoka, Tadashi et al.

The purpose of this study was to determine how much sagittal rotation of the femoral component affects the flexion gap and femoral component sizing using a computer-simulation technique. The study comprised 25 knees scheduled for total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The femoral component was positioned at −2°, 0°, 2°, 4°, or 6° of flexion to the anterior femoral cortex, and the resected portion of the posterior medial femoral condyle was measured for 3 total knee systems. The amount of the resected bone of the posterior medial condyle decreased approximately 1 mm for every 2° of additional flexion in all TKA systems. Intentional sagittal flexion of the femoral component by several degrees during TKA can be a useful downsizing technique for the femoral component without excessively increasing the flexion gap.

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