The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 27, Issue: 2, Page: 477-484

Sagittal alignment of the cemented femoral component in revision total knee arthroplasty influences the anterior and posterior condylar offset: Stem length does not affect these variables

N. Ng; J. T. Patton; R. Burnett; N. D. Clement
Knee

Background

The position of the femoral component can influence knee kinematics by altering the posterior (PCO) and anterior condylar offset (ACO). The primary aim of this study was to assess whether the length of the cemented stem influences the sagittal position of the femoral component after revision total knee arthroplasty (rTKA). The secondary aim was to determine the influence of the sagittal position on PCO and ACO.

Methods

There were 172 consecutive patients over a seven-year period that underwent rTKA with a cemented semi-constrained prosthesis. The 172 patients were separated into two groups: 115 with short stems (50 mm) and 57 with longer stems (100 or 150 mm). Using rotationally acceptable lateral radiographs, the degree of flexion(+)/extension(−) of the femoral components, PCO, and ACO were measured.

Results

There was no significant difference (p > 0.25) between the two groups for sagittal position, PCO, or ACO. The average flexion of the femoral component with short stems was 2.2 ± 4.1° and 2.2 ± 3.4° for long stems (difference = 0.0, 95% confidence intervals (CI) − 1.3 to 1.2). The average PCO ratio was 1.02 ± 0.15 for short stems and 0.99 ± 0.17 for long stems (difference = 0.03, 95% CI − 0.02 to 0.08). The average ACO ratio was at 0.07 ± 0.08 for short stems and 0.08 ± 0.08 for long stems (difference = 0.01, 95% CI − 0.01 to 0.04). There was a significant correlation between sagittal alignment of the femoral component and PCO (flexion increased PCO, r = 0.39, p < 0.0001) and ACO (flexion decreased ACO, r = − 0.34, p < 0.0001).

Conclusions

Cemented stem length does not influence the position of femoral component in the sagittal axis, PCO, or ACO. Surgical technique and sizing of the femoral component may be more predictive.

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