The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 28, Page: 81-88

Rotational kinematics differ between mild and severe valgus knees in total knee arthroplasty

Kawaguchi, Kohei; Inui, Hiroshi; Taketomi, Shuji; Yamagami, Ryota; Takagi, Kentaro; Kage, Tomofumi; Sameshima, Shin; Tanaka, Sakae
Knee

Background

There is no consensus regarding femorotibial rotational kinematics in total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for valgus knee deformity. Additionally, whether the degree of valgus deformity influences intraoperative rotational kinematics and postoperative clinical scores remains unclear. The objectives of this study were to investigate whether the valgus angle is associated with intraoperative rotational kinematics in TKA for valgus knee deformity and to examine the relationship between rotational kinematics and postoperative clinical results.

Materials and methods

A total of 24 knees with valgus deformity for TKA were included in this study and were divided into two groups depending on the femorotibial angle (FTA); there were 11 knees in the severe valgus group (FTA < 160°) and 13 knees in the mild valgus group (FTA ≥ 160°). Intraoperative femorotibial rotational kinematics from knee extension to flexion were evaluated using an image-free navigation system and postoperative clinical results (range of motion and subjective outcomes) were evaluated 1 year postoperatively. All parameters were compared between the two groups.

Result

Mild valgus knee showed tibial internal rotation during knee flexion before implantation, whereas severe valgus knee showed tibial external rotation during knee flexion before implantation. The postoperative flexion angle was positively correlated with the tibial internal rotation angle after implantation in the mild valgus group only.

Conclusion

Intraoperative rotational kinematics before implantation differed between mild and severe valgus knee deformity in TKA. Intraoperative tibial rotation influenced the postoperative knee flexion angle in mild, but not severe, valgus knee deformity. Ideal postoperative rotational kinematics may be different between the two groups and the difference may be taken into consideration in implant selections and surgical techniques.

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