The Journal Of Bone And Joint Surgery - Current Concepts Review - Volume 98 - Issue 3 - p. 233-242

Role of Cages in Revision Arthroplasty of the Acetabulum

Mäkinen Tatu J., MD, PhD; Kuzyk Paul, MD, MASc, FRCSC; Safir Oleg A., MD, MEd, FRCSC; Backstein David, MD, MEd, FRCSC; Gross Allan E., MD, FRCSC, OOnt
Hip
➤ The outcome of acetabular revision is heavily influenced by the degree of associated bone loss.
➤ Uncemented hemispherical acetabular components can be used in the majority of acetabular revisions, although occasionally the degree of bone loss precludes the stability of the hemispherical component at the correct anatomic level or there is minimal bleeding host bone left for biologic fixation.
➤ Massive acetabular bone loss resulting in the need for bone grafts or highly porous augments involving more than half of the acetabulum is one of the main indications for the use of cages.
➤ The cup-cage reconstruction is based on bone-grafting the deficient acetabulum and securing a hemispherical, highly porous metal component with multiple screws to bridge the discontinuity and off-loading the hemispherical component with a titanium cage spanning from ischium to ilium.
➤ In addition to managing pelvic discontinuities, the cup-cage construct can also be used in hips without discontinuity as the hemispherical, highly porous metal component is used to restore bone stock.
➤ In situations in which there is not enough bleeding host bone to secure a hemispherical component, a highly porous metal augment can be used to address the osseous deficiency. The augment is also protected with a cage to assist bone ingrowth.

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