The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 31, Issue 11, 2583 - 2587

Risk Factors for Wound Complications After Direct Anterior Approach Hip Arthroplasty

Jahng, Kenneth H. et al.
Hip

Background

Previous studies have suggested that wound complications may be higher after direct anterior approach (DAA) hip arthroplasty, but, specific risk factors have not been closely examined.

Methods

We conducted a retrospective case-control study of 651 consecutive DAA hip arthroplasty surgeries performed by 2 surgeons over a 3-year period. Outcome measures included any postoperative wound problem (including prolonged drainage, wound dehiscence, wound necrosis, suture granuloma, and superficial infection) requiring additional intervention or reoperation. Univariate odds ratios (ORs) were calculated, and multivariate logistic regression analysis was performed to determine risk correlation. Receiver operator characteristic (ROC) curves were created to determine disease predictability.

Results

A total of 75 patients (11.5%) experienced wound complications requiring additional intervention, of which, 13 (1.9%) required reoperation. Multivariate regression analysis found that development of wound complications was significantly and independently associated with body mass index (BMI) 30-35 kg/m2 (OR 2.05; 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.08-3.88), BMI 35-40 kg/m2 (OR 3.40; 95% CI 1.42-8.26), BMI > 40 kg/m2 (OR 7.28; 95% CI 2.55-20.78), and diabetes mellitus (OR 2.97; 95% CI 1.46-6.07). Reoperation for wound complication was significantly associated with BMI > 40 kg/m2 (OR 5.68; 95% CI 1.17-27.48) and diabetes mellitus (OR 13.08; 95% CI 3.97-43.11). Optimal cutoff values for BMI were found through receiver operator characteristic curve analysis to be 28.0 kg/m2 for development of wound complications and 28.2 kg/m2 for reoperation for wound complications.

Conclusion

Obesity and diabetes mellitus are significantly associated with postoperative wound-healing complications and the need for reoperation for these wound complications after DAA hip arthroplasty.


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