Risk Factors for Early Revision After Primary Total Hip Arthroplasty in Medicare PatientsBozic, Kevin, J., MD, MBA1,2,a; Lau, Edmund, MS3; Ong, Kevin, PhD4; Chan, Vanessa, MPH1,2; Kurtz, Steven, PhD4; Vail, Thomas, P., MD1; Rubash, Harry, E., MD5; Berry, Daniel, J., MD6
Background Patient, surgeon, health system, and device factors are all known to influence outcomes in THA. However, patient-related factors associated with an increased risk of early failure are poorly understood, particularly in elderly patients.
Questions/purposes We identified specific demographic and clinical characteristics associated with increased risk of early revision in Medicare patients with THA.
Methods The Medicare 5% national sample administrative database was used to calculate the relative risk of revision within 12 months following primary THA as a function of baseline medical comorbidities in 56,030 Medicare patients who underwent primary THA between 1998 and 2010. The impact of 29 comorbid conditions on risk of early revision was examined using Cox regression, controlling for age, sex, race, US Census region, socioeconomic status, and all other baseline comorbidities.
Results Depression, rheumatologic disease, psychoses, renal disease, chronic urinary tract infection, and congestive heart failure were associated with revision THA within 12 months of the index arthroplasty (p ≤ 0.038 for all comparisons; risk factors listed in order of significance).
Conclusions This information is important when counseling elderly patients with THA regarding the risk of early failure and for risk stratifying publicly reported outcomes in Medicare patients with THA.
Level of Evidence Level II, prognostic study. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.