The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 7 , S177 - S181

Revision Total Knee Arthroplasty for Arthrofibrosis

Rutherford, Richard W. et al.
Knee

Background

Arthrofibrosis after TKA is a significant cause of patient dissatisfaction. There is little evidence regarding revision arthroplasty in this patient population. The purpose of this study is to evaluate outcomes after revision TKA for arthrofibrosis.

Methods

We retrospectively reviewed 46 consecutive revision TKAs for arthrofibrosis between 2007 and 2015 with minimum 2-year follow-up. Range of motion (ROM), complication rates, and Knee Society Scores (KSS) were recorded.

Results

Patients were followed for a mean of 59 months. ROM and KSS significantly improved: with flexion improving from 88° to 103° and extension improving from 11° to 3° (P < .001). There was not a relationship between patient or surgical factors and outcomes in this study. The rate of complications was 28.2% with a 17.4% reoperation rate.

Conclusion

While revision for arthrofibrosis after TKA can be associated with significant improvements in ROM and KSS, caution is advised given high rates of revisions, reoperations, and complications. Thirty percent of patients in this series had a decrease in one or more component of the KSS or a net decrease in arc of motion after revision surgery.


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