The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 8, 1755 - 1760

Revision of Failed Metal-on-Metal Total Hip Arthroplasty: Midterm Outcomes of 203 Consecutive Cases

Crawford, David A. et al.
Hip

Background

Metal-on-metal (MoM) revisions have shown high rates of complications from aseptic loosening, deep infection, and dislocation. The purpose of this study is to report on outcomes and complications of a large consecutive series of patients who were revised for failed MoM total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Methods

We evaluated 188 patients (203 hips) who underwent revisions of failed MoM THA. Mean age at the revision was 60 years old. Gender was female in 112 hips (55%) and male in 91 hips (45%). Mean interval to failure after primary THA was 4.9 years (range, 0-18 years). The acetabular component was revised in 183 cases (92%). Clinical outcomes assessed included pain score and Harris hip score.

Results

Mean follow-up from revision was 4.2 years. Harris hip score improved from 53.6 pre-revision to 73.5 at most recent follow-up ( P < .001). Pain level significantly improved from 17.2 pre-revision to 32.8 post-revision ( P < .001). Reoperations occurred in 28 (14%) hips. Re-revision was required in 16 hips (7.9%). The most common reasons for re-revision were aseptic loosening (5), dislocation (3), infection (2), and iliopsoas tendonitis (2). Re-revision was significantly higher in cases of pseudotumor. There was no difference in survival with ultraporous cups. Three hips required re-revision to custom triflange components. All-cause survival was 90.5% at 4.2 years. Metal ion levels significantly declined after revision.

Conclusion

Revisions of failed MoM THA showed improvements in clinical outcomes, but present significant surgical challenges and complications especially in cases with soft tissue damage and pseudotumor.

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