The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 5, 926 - 931

Revision Analysis of Robotic Arm–Assisted and Manual Unicompartmental Knee Arthroplasty

Cool, Christina L. et al.
Knee

Background

The purpose of this study was to evaluate hospital admissions for revision surgeries associated with robotic arm–assisted unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (rUKA) vs manually instrumented UKA (mUKA) procedures.

Methods

Patients ≥18 years of age who received either a mUKA or a rUKA procedure were candidates for inclusion and were identified by the presence of appropriate billing codes. Procedures performed between March 1, 2013 and July 31, 2015 were used to calculate the rate of surgical revisions occurring within 24-months of the index procedure. Following propensity matching, 246 rUKA and 492 mUKA patients were included. Revision rates and the associated costs were compared between the two cohorts. The Mann-Whitney U test was used to compare continuous variables, and Fisher’s exact tests was used to analyze discrete categorical variables.

Results

At 24 months after the primary UKA procedure, patients who underwent rUKA had fewer revision procedures (0.81% [2/246] vs 5.28% [26/492]; P = .002), shorter mean length of stay (2.00 vs 2.33 days; P > .05), and incurred lower mean costs for the index stay plus revisions ($26,001 vs $27,915; P > .05) than mUKA patients. Length of stay at index and index costs were also lower for rUKA patients (1.77 vs 2.02 days; P = .0047) and ($25,786 vs $26,307; P > .05).

Conclusions

The study results demonstrate that patients who underwent rUKA had fewer revision procedures, shorter length of stay, and incurred lower mean costs (although not statistically different) during the index admission and at 24 months postoperatively. These results could be important for payers as the prevalence of end-stage knee osteoarthritis increases alongside the demand for cost-efficient treatments.

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