The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 12, 2972 - 2977

Return to Sport After Bilateral Single Stage Total Hip Arthroplasty Using the Direct Anterior Approach: A Case Control Study

Batailler, Cécile et al.
Hip

Background

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is currently performed on active patients with increasing functional demands. Single stage bilateral THA is indicated in younger patients in good general health. Our objective is to evaluate the return to sport (RTS) in patients who underwent bilateral single stage THA compared to unilateral THA.

Methods

This retrospective case control study was conducted between 2013 and 2017. All patients who underwent bilateral single stage THA were included. The control group had unilateral THA performed and was matched based on age, body mass index, gender, and surgery date (2 controls for each bilateral case). All surgeries were performed by a single senior surgeon using the direct anterior approach. The University of California Los Angeles activity score was collected at the last follow-up. A questionnaire regarding RTS, motivation, and satisfaction was assessed.

Results

Thirty-two patients were included in the study, of whom 21 were men. The average age was 60.7 ± 9.6 years, body mass index was 26 ± 4 kg/m 2, and mean follow-up was 20.1 ± 11.6 months. Twenty-eight patients overall (87%) returned to sport after the procedure. Twenty-five of these (89%) returned to the same sport, and 17 (68%) participated at the same intensity. The average time to RTS was 4 ± 2.8 months. These results were at least as good as those after unilateral THA. The level of motivation of the patient was the only predictive factor for RTS ( P < .001).

Conclusion

Bilateral single stage THA via a direct anterior approach allows for RTS and to a similar level in the majority of patients in whom this procedure is indicated.

Level of Evidence

Comparative retrospective study, Level III.

Download article