The morbidity associated with elective total hip arthroplasty (THA) may result in intensive care unit (ICU) admission. A total of 175 consecutive THA patients were prospectively triaged to either an ICU bed or routine post-operative floor according to admission criteria based on a prior published study of 1259 THA patients. Primary end points were a reduction in unplanned ICU admission, as well as major complications. With our triage model, the rate of unplanned ICU admissions dropped from 7.1% to 2.2% (P=0.013). The as-treated odds of unplanned admission pre- versus post-intervention were 3.2 (1.2, 10.6). The complication rate fell from 12.5% to 2%, and the mortality index decreased from 4.77 to 1.62. Triage according to selected risk factors affects a reduction in unplanned ICU admissions and major complications after THA.
The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 8, 1345 - 1348
Prospective Study of Unplanned Admission to the Intensive Care Unit after Total Hip ArthroplastyKamath, Atul F. et al.