The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 22, Issue: 4, Page: 321-7

Prospective randomised trial comparing unlinked, modular bicompartmental knee arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty: A five years follow-up

Yeo, Nicholas Eng Meng; Chen, Jerry Yongqiang; Yew, Andy; Chia, Shi-Lu; Lo, Ngai Nung; Yeo, Seng Jin
Knee

Background

A significant proportion of patients with knee osteoarthritis have articular degeneration that is limited to the medial and patellofemoral compartments. The objective of this study was to compare clinical outcomes of unlinked bicompartmental knee arthroplasty (BCA) and total knee arthroplasty (TKA) at 5 years in this subset of patients.

Methods

48 patients were randomised into two groups: unlinked, modular bicompartmental arthroplasty and total knee arthroplasty. Data on demographics and clinical outcomes were collected (Bartlett Knee Score, Oxford Knee Score, Knee Society Score). Data on intra-operative blood loss in both groups were also recorded.

Results

Out of the 48 patients, 26 underwent BCA and 22 had TKA. Both groups shared similar demographic profiles. At five years post surgery, there was significant improvement across all functional scores in both groups. However, there was no significant difference in outcome scores in the BCA group compared to the TKA group. The drop in serum haemoglobin levels postoperatively was 1.55 and 2.30 g/dl for the BCA and TKA groups respectively (p < .001). The total amount of blood loss was 397 and 647 ml respectively (p = .001).

Conclusions

Unlinked, modular BCA results in similar clinical and functional scores as TKA for medial and patellofemoral arthritis in the mid-term. Intra-operative blood loss was significantly lower in the BCA group compared to the TKA group. BCA is a viable option for a select group of young and active patients with the advantage of reduced intra-operative blood loss and equivalent functional outcomes as TKA.

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