The Knee, ISSN: 1873-5800, Vol: 22, Issue: 3, Page: 186-91

Prospective multi-centre study on a composite ceramic femoral component in total knee arthroplasty: Five-year clinical and radiological outcomes

Bergschmidt, Philipp; Bader, Rainer; Ganzer, Dirk; Hauzeur, Christian; Lohmann, Christoph H; Krüger, Alexander; Rüther, Wolfgang; Tigani, Domenico; Rani, Nicola; Esteve, José Luis; Prats, Fernando Lopez; Zorzi, Claudio; Madonna, Vincenzo; Rigotti, Stefano; Benazzo, Francesco; Rossi, Stefano Marco Paolo; Mittelmeier, Wolfram
Knee

Background

Enhanced wear resistance of ceramics in general and improved mechanical characteristics of composite ceramics in terms of strength and resistance meet the demands for application in TKA.
The aim of this prospective international multi-centre study was to evaluate the 5-year clinical and radiological outcomes of an unconstrained TKA with a composite ceramic femoral component.

Methods

A total of 107 patients (109 knees) underwent TKA with the MULTIGEN-PLUS Ceramic Knee at seven centres in three European countries. Clinical and radiological assessments were performed preoperatively and postoperatively at 3, 12, 24 and 60 months, using HSS, WOMAC, SF-36 and standardised radiographs.

Results

Mean HSS and WOMAC increased significantly from 55.1 ± 11.5 (21–83) and 48.1 ± 16.6 (3–90) preoperatively to 85.6 ± 9.6 (49–98) and 73.3 ± 20.4 (17–100) at 60 months. Mean SF-36 showed significant improvements in patients’ quality of life (49.1 ± 17.6 (12–96) preoperatively versus 67.7 ± 23.1 (12–100) at 60 months). Non-progressive radiolucent lines (< 1 mm) were observed around the femoral component in four cases. Neither implant migration nor loosening were registered. Kaplan–Meier survivorship was 96.0% at 60 months (92.1–100%, CI 95%).

Conclusions

Five-year implant survival rate of the ceramic knee is comparable to other metallic and ceramic unconstrained TKA systems. Although the assessment of long-term implant survivorship is still pending, the ceramic implants represent a promising solution for patients with allergies against metallic components and furthermore for the general osteoarthritis population due to enhanced wear resistance.

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