Prospective 5-year study with 96 short curved Fitmore™ hip stems shows a high incidence of cortical hypertrophy with no clinical relevanceThalmann, C., Kempter, P., Stoffel, K. et al.
An increased occurrence of cortical hypertrophy (CH) was observed 1–2 years after implanting short curved Fitmore hip stems. There are no published data about either the clinical relevance or the progression of CH over the long term.
Ninety-six primary total hip arthroplasties were performed between 2008 and 2010 using the Fitmore hip stem. Clinical and radiological parameters were recorded preoperatively and at 1, 2, 3, and 5 year follow-up.
CH appeared mainly on antero-posterior radiographs in Gruen Zones 2, 3, 5, and 6. After 1 year, the diameter was 10 ± 2 mm and remained constant thereafter. The CH rate after 1 year was 69% and after 5 years 71%. Subsidence after 1 year was 1.6 ± 1.55 mm and 1.93 ± 1.72 mm after 5 years. Cortical thinning was 46% after 1 year and 56% after 5 years, mainly in Gruen Zones 7 and 8. In the first year radiolucencies were found in 51% in all Gruen Zones, and in 20% after 5 years. Patient, implant, and surgical factors did not correlate with radiological outcomes except that larger stems had more CH. After 5 years, the Harris Hip Score had improved from 59 to 94 and the Oxford Hip Score from 22 to 41. Radiographic parameters, notably CH, were not associated with clinical outcomes except that cortical thinning correlated with lower outcome scores.
CH correlated neither with clinical outcome nor with patient, surgical or implant factors, except for a positive correlation with stem size. The Fitmore hip stems settled within the first year to a stable fixation and then remained almost unchanged. However, cortical thinning is common in Gruen Zone 7 and 8 meaning that there is stress-shielding.