Progression of radiographic osteoarthritis after partial meniscectomy in degenerative medial meniscal posterior root tears was greater in varus- than in neutral-aligned knees: a minimum 5-year follow-upKim, C., Bin, SI., Kim, JM. et al.
To perform a radiographic assessment of osteoarthritis, progression after partial meniscectomy (PM) in degenerative medial meniscus posterior root tears (MMPRTs) in relation to preoperative mechanical axis (MA). The hypothesis is that neutral-aligned knees with degenerative MMPRTs have better radiographic outcomes than those of varus-aligned knees after arthroscopic PM.
Records of 114 patients with degenerative MMPRTs and Kellgren–Lawrence (KL) grade ≤ 2 osteoarthritis, who underwent PM, had preoperative weight-bearing hip-to-ankle radiographs from 2004 to 2014, and were followed-up for at least 5 years were reviewed retrospectively. The mean follow-up period was 8.3 ± 2.8 years. Preoperative MA values were used to classify the patients into either a Neutral (N valgus 3° to varus 3°; n = 60) or Varus-aligned group (V varus > 3°; n = 54). Joint space width (JSW; mm) and KL grade (0/1/2/3/4) were measured preoperatively and finally on weight-bearing 45° flexion posteroanterior and anteroposterior radiographs, respectively.
Preoperative JSW and KL grade did not differ significantly between the groups (N vs V; JSW 3.64 ± 0.83 vs 3.44 ± 0.81, P = 0.201; KL grade, 2/31/27/0/0 vs 0/22/32/0/0, P = 0.162); however, the final JSW and KL grade differed significantly between the groups (N vs V; JSW 3.03 ± 0.78 vs 2.07 ± 0.87; KL grade, 0/21/23/13/3 vs 0/10/26/21/6, both P < 0.001). The N group showed significantly less KL progression compared with the V group (N vs V; progression/no progression, 27/33 vs 42/12, P = 0.001).
The progression of radiographic osteoarthritis after PM for degenerative MMPRTs was greater in varus-aligned knees than in neutral-aligned knees. PM should be considered cautiously in patients with varus-aligned knees.
Level of evidence
Retrospective comparative study, Level III.