The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 10 , 3190 - 3195

Prevalence of Radiographic Morphology of Femoroacetabular Impingement in Indian Population: A Multicenter Study

Pachore, Javahir A. et al.


Femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) is an overlooked entity in India, as primary osteoarthritis of hip is uncommon in Indian population. The purpose of this study is to find out the prevalence of radiographic morphology of FAI in young asymptomatic population in India.


This is a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Radiographs of 500 young asymptomatic volunteers were taken from 10 centers across India. Suboptimal imaging lead to exclusion of 48 radiographs. Crossover sign, ischial spine sign, and posterior wall sign were included in “acetabular rotation abnormalities (R),” lateral center-edge angle and acetabular index were included in “acetabular overcoverage abnormalities (O)” while pistol grip deformity and alpha angle in “femoral abnormalities (F).” Furthermore, all the hips were divided into 4 types: normal hips (N); type I hip with single abnormality (R/O/F); type II with combination of any 2 (RO/RF/OF), and type III with all 3 abnormalities.


Sixty-eight percent of 904 hips had at least 1 type of abnormality with 47.5% hips having signs of pincer impingement, 7.9% with signs of cam impingement, and 10.8% with mixed signs. Type I.R hips (32%) were the most common hips followed by type I.O hips (18%) and type I.F (8%). Males had higher percentage of abnormalities (1.5 times) compared to females. Interobserver reliability was 0.55 to 0.81 for all the parameters. Power of study was 0.98.


Radiographic morphology of FAI exists with high prevalence in young asymptomatic Indian population similar to other ethnicities except for low prevalence of cam morphology. Long-term follow-up of this cohort will reveal the natural history of these morphologies.

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