The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 5, 839 - 845
Preoperative Patient-Reported Outcomes and Clinical Characteristics as Predictors of 90-Day Cost/Utilization and ComplicationsSnyder, Daniel J. et al.
With the advent of mandatory bundle payments for total joint arthroplasty (TJA), assessing patients’ risk for increased 90-day complications and resource utilization is crucial. This study assesses the degree to which preoperative patient-reported outcomes predict 90-day complications, episode costs, and utilization in TJA patients.
All TJA cases in 2017 at 2 high-volume hospitals were queried. Preoperative HOOS/KOOS JR (Hip Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score/Knee Injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score) and Veterans RAND 12-item health survey (VR-12) were administered to patients preoperatively via e-collection platform. For patients enrolled in the Medicare bundle, cost data were extracted from claims. Bivariate and multivariate regression analyses were performed.
In total, 2108 patients underwent TJA in 2017; 1182 (56%) were missing patient-reported outcome data and were excluded. The final study population included 926 patients, 199 (21%) of which had available cost data. Patients with high bundle costs tended to be older, suffer from vascular disease and anemia, and have higher Charlson scores ( P < .05 for all). These patients also had lower baseline VR-12 Physical Component Summary Score (PCS; 24 vs 30, P ≤ .001) and higher rates of extended length of stay, skilled nursing facility discharge, 90-day complications, and 90-day readmission ( P ≤ .04 for all). In multivariate analysis, higher baseline VR-12 PCS was protective against extended length of stay, skilled nursing facility discharge, >75th percentile bundle cost, and 90-day bundle cost exceeding target bundle price ( P < .01 for all). Baseline VR-12 Mental Component Summary Score and HOOS/KOOS JR were not predictive of complications or bundle cost.
Low baseline VR-12 PCS is predictive of high 90-day bundle costs. Baseline HOOS/KOOS JR scores were not predictive of utilization or cost. Neither VR-12 nor HOOS/KOOS JR was predictive of 90-day readmission or complications.