The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 32, Issue 1, 6 - 10

Preoperative Glycemic Control on Total Joint Arthroplasty Patient-Perceived Outcomes and Hospital Costs

Lavernia, Carlos J. et al.
Hip Knee

Background

The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of preoperative glycemic control in diabetic patients undergoing a primary total hip or knee arthroplasty. We wanted to study patient-perceived outcomes in the medium term, the length of stay, hospital costs, and rate of short-term postoperative complications.

Methods

One hundred twenty consecutive primary total joint arthroplasties (TJAs) performed in type 2 diabetic patients were stratified into 2 groups representing optimal and suboptimal preoperative glycemic control, based on serum levels of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c), and those groups compared.

Results

The mean follow-up time was 5.9 years (range, 2.1-10.7 years). Both groups demonstrated improvement in all patient-perceived outcome measures after TJA, with no significant difference detected in any change of a measure between the groups. No significant difference was detected in the length of stay, hospital costs, or rate of short-term postoperative complications between the groups.

Conclusion

Preoperative glycemic control in type 2 diabetic patients undergoing TJA did not affect patient-perceived outcomes in the medium term. Optimal vs suboptimal glycemic control in these patients also had no effect on the length of stay, hospital costs, or rate of short-term postoperative complications.


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