The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 34, Issue 5, 824 - 833

Predicting Inpatient Dissatisfaction Following Total Joint Arthroplasty: An Analysis of 3,593 Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems Survey Responses

Vovos, Tyler J. et al.
Hip Knee


The Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey, created by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid, is directly tied to hospital reimbursement. The purpose of this study is to identify factors that are predictive HCAHPS survey responses following primary hip and knee arthroplasty.


Prospectively collected HCAHPS responses from patients undergoing elective hip and knee arthroplasty between January 2013 and October 2017 at our institution were analyzed. Patient age, gender, race, marital status, body mass index, American Society of Anesthesiologists score, preoperative pain score, smoking status, alcohol use, illegal drug use, socioeconomic quartile, insurance type, procedure type, hospital type (academic vs community), distance to medical center, length of stay (LOS), and discharge disposition were obtained and correlated with HCAHPS inpatient satisfaction scores.


Responses from 3593 patients were obtained: 1546 total hip arthroplasties, 1899 total knee arthroplasties, and 148 unicompartmental knee arthroplasties. Mean overall HCAHPS score was 79.2. Women had lower inpatient satisfaction than men (77.6 vs 81.6, P < .001). Alcohol consumers had lower inpatient satisfaction than abstainers (77.7 vs 81.6, P < .001). Inpatient satisfaction varied by socioeconomic quartile ( P < .001) with patients in the highest quartile having lower satisfaction than patients in all other quartiles ( P < .001). Patients discharged to a facility had lower inpatient satisfaction than those discharged home (71.2 vs 80.2, P < .001). An inverse correlation between inpatient satisfaction and LOS (r = −0.19, P < .001) and a direct correlation between satisfaction and distance to medical center ( r = 0.06, P < .001) were seen.


Patients more likely to report lower levels of inpatient satisfaction after total joint arthroplasty are female, affluent, and alcohol consumers, who are discharged to postacute care facilities. Inpatient satisfaction was inversely correlated with LOS and positively correlated with distance from patient home to medical center. These findings provide targets for improvements in TJA inpatient care.

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