The Knee, ISSN: 0968-0160, Vol: 27, Issue: 2, Page: 565-571

Postoperative outcomes of total knee arthroplasty compared to unicompartmental knee arthroplasty: A matched comparison

Jason L. Blevins; Kaitlin M. Carroll; Joost A. Burger; Andrew D. Pearle; Mathias P. Bostrom; Steven B. Haas; Thomas P. Sculco; Seth A. Jerabek; David J. Mayman
Knee

Background

The purpose of this study was to evaluate early postoperative outcomes in patients following UKA (unicompartmental knee arthroplasty) compared to a matched cohort of TKA (total knee arthroplasty) patients.

Methods

Patients who met radiographic criteria for a medial UKA who underwent either a TKA or UKA at a single institution were matched based on age, gender, and BMI.

Results

One hundredy and fifty UKA in 138 patients and 150 TKA in 148 patients were included in this retrospective analysis. Mean age was 62.6 ± 9 years and 65.2 ± 9 years in the UKA and TKA groups respectively (p = .01). Patients who underwent UKA had significantly less pain at two and six weeks postoperatively compared to TKA patients with mean Numeric Pain Rating Scale (NPRS) scores of 3.7 ± 1.1 vs. 7.8 ± 1.2, p < .001 and 2.6 ± 1.3 vs. 4.6 ± 1.6, p < .001 respectively. Knee Society Scores (KSS) were higher in the UKA group at six weeks and two years postoperative (86.5 ± 2.8 vs. 81.4 ± 3.6, p < .001 and 89.5 ± 2.4 vs. 84.5 ± 3.3, p < .001 respectively). Return to work was faster in the UKA group (mean 20.6 ± 7.89 vs. 38.6 ± 6.23 days, p < .001). The UKA group also had higher mean Forgotten Joint Scores of 90.5 ± 3.6 vs. 79.5 ± 9.5 (p < .001).

Conclusions

Patients with primarily medial compartment OA who underwent UKA had less postoperative pain, earlier return to work, and higher KSS compared to a matched group who underwent TKA.

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