The Journal of Arthroplasty, Volume 28, Issue 10, 1760 - 1764

Porous Tantalum Tibial Component Prevents Periprosthetic Loss of Bone Mineral Density After Total Knee Arthroplasty for Five Years—A Matched Cohort Study

Minoda, Yukihide et al.

In 21 knees receiving porous tantalum tibial component and 21 knees receiving a cemented cobalt-chromium tibial component, dual x-ray absorptiometry scans were performed for five years post-operatively. The postoperative decrease in the bone mineral density in the lateral aspect of the tibia was significantly less in knees with porous tantalum tibial components (11.6%) than in knees with cemented cobalt-chromium tibial components (29.6%) at five years (p < 0.05). No prosthetic migration or periprosthetic fracture was detected in either group. The present study is one of the studies with the longest follow-up period on bone mineral density after total knee arthroplasty. Porous tantalum tibial component has a favorable effect on the bone mineral density of the proximal tibia after total knee arthroplasty up to five years.

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