The Journal of Arthroplasty , Volume 33 , Issue 9 , 2932 - 2939

Physical Activity Is Associated With the Level of Chromium but Not With Changes in Pseudotumor Size in Patients With Metal-on-Metal Hip Arthroplasty

Hjorth, Mette H. et al.
Hip

Background

Metal-on-metal (MoM) total hip arthroplasty (THA) and resurfacing hip arthroplasty (RHA) were previously considered an excellent option for young and physically active patients. However, the relationship between MoM THA/RHA patients’ daily physical activity (PA), metal ion measurements of chromium and cobalt, and pseudotumor dynamic is insufficiently explored.

Methods

One hundred eleven patients with 148 hip articulations, 77 MoM THA/RHA and 71 MoP THA, participated in a prospective cohort study, with 5 cross-sectional analyses during a 1-year follow-up. Baseline follow-up was at mean 7.1 (range: 0.2-21.5) years postoperative. At baseline and every 3 months thereafter, patients’ daily PA was monitored during a 2-week period using a triaxial accelerometer, and next metal artifact reducing sequence magnetic resonance imaging scans, metal ion measurements of chromium and cobalt, and the Copenhagen Hip and Groin Outcome Score questionnaire were completed.

Results

We found a statistically significant relationship between daily PA and metal ion measurements of chromium at all follow-ups in MoM THA/RHA patients (P ≤ .03) but not in MoP THA patients (P > .35). Patients’ daily PA was not related to changes in pseudotumor size at any follow-up (P > .30). Ten of 26 (38%) pseudotumors in MoM THA/RHA and 8 of 29 (28%) pseudotumors in MoP THA changed classification according to the Anderson grading. No pseudotumors transformed in appearance or changed anatomical location.

Conclusion

The daily PA of MoM THA/RHA patients is associated with metal ion measurements of chromium but not with changes in pseudotumor size. This is new and important knowledge, which may be useful for hip surgeons in recommendation and monitoration of the consequences of PA in active patients with MoM THA/RHA.


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